The African solar energy market will be activated
an international cooperation project of African solar energy will be initiated, and it will be promoted layer by layer from Kenya to the whole Africa. This has brought hope to Chinese solar photovoltaic enterprises who have long been interested in the African market
in June 2009, a "China and Kenya will cooperate to develop small solar photovoltaic systems and hot water systems suitable for high temperature and high humidity geographical conditions in Kenya, and demonstrate and promote them to the whole African region to jointly develop the African solar product market" immediately attracted the high attention of Chinese solar photovoltaic enterprises
Zhang Lanying, assistant director of the international solar energy center of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and deputy director of Gansu Institute of natural energy, is an expert in charge of this project. In an interview with energy magazine, she said, "the first purpose of this project is to promote Chinese technology, and the second is to open up the solar energy market in Africa. We plan to build an office in Kenya first, which will be used as a base for slow promotion throughout Africa."
Wang Wenming, President of Africa investment, has just returned to Beijing from Haining, Dongguan and Shenzhen. He said that there are more than 200 solar energy enterprises in Haining alone. They are interested in the African market, but they are unable to find supply and demand information and customers
the biggest problem in Africa is the lack of electricity. Kenya is a country with relatively good economy in Africa, but its electricity coverage is only 4%, and the plight of other remote countries can be imagined. "Solar energy is very suitable for the development of Africa, and African officials have repeatedly expressed their demands for cooperation with China." Wang Wenming said
for Africa, the Chinese government has never stopped supporting, but it is the first time to specifically allocate funds for solar photovoltaic projects and specifically approve the establishment of test bases in Africa
enter the whole Africa from Kenya
Kenya is located in the east of Africa, with the equator running through the middle and the Great Rift Valley running through its north and south. The whole territory is located in the tropical monsoon region, with humid and hot coastal areas, and the annual minimum temperature is also 10-14 ℃
the solar photovoltaic projects in China and Kenya are to solve their unique high temperature and high humidity climate. The Ministry of science and technology of China allocated a special fund of 2.64 million yuan for international scientific and technological cooperation to Gansu Institute of natural energy to support its adaptability test and research, and finally developed household and village level photovoltaic systems suitable for remote areas in Africa, household and large-scale solar water heater systems suitable for rural and urban areas in Africa
"this is a cooperation project between countries. The funds given by the country are used as start-up funds. We will build some demonstration projects of photovoltaic power generation and solar water heater in Kenya." Deputy director Zhang Lanying said that Kenya's African office has begun to prepare for construction
Zhang Lanying introduced that Africa has a unique landform and environment, because the temperature is relatively high, and the intensity and duration of sunlight are different from China. Different geographical latitudes lead to different dip angles; The orientation is different with different directions
as a former Chinese official in Africa, Wang Wenming has been to Kenya more than once. In his eyes, Kenya is a relatively clean country, but there are not many resources and industries. It mainly depends on tourism income, especially "the electricity coverage is too low". In fact, in Africa, Kenya is not a case, but a common phenomenon
"this project is three years, not only in Kenya, but also in other countries. It will be promoted slowly." Zhang Lanying said, "although the project is cooperative, Africa is poor after all, and it mainly depends on Chinese technology and products."
recently, Wang Wenming went to Africa twice. He is very optimistic about the solar energy market in Africa. "Africa also hopes to purchase from China, such as solar radios, which are very popular."
although Africa has more than a dozen relatively rich countries, such as Morocco, Namibia, Mauritius, Seychelles, Zimbabwe and so on. However, most countries are in poverty, lighting mainly depends on kerosene lamps, heating and cooking mainly use firewood and charcoal, and environmental pollution is serious. At the same time, there is a relative shortage of energy, but solar energy resources are very rich. The market of solar energy products has not been developed and has great potential. "Our small solar photovoltaic system is to solve the power supply problem in remote and poor areas. For example, vaccines and drugs for medical treatment must be frozen and refrigerated." Zhang Lanying said
on May 20, at the 12th science and Technology Expo - China financial summit, the head of zulongjia group made a simple calculation by taking the solar cooker as an example. At present, there are about 1billion people in Africa. If each African family has four people, assuming that each African family buys one set, and each set is calculated at 1000 yuan, it is a market of 250billion yuan. Although this is an estimate, it is enough to show the potential of the African market
competition from Germany, where petrochemical, iron and steel, nonferrous metals and building materials industries grew by 7.2%, 7.2%, 11.4% and 9.6% respectively
China is not the only one who has a crush on the African market
"Germany is also strengthening its involvement in the solar energy market in Africa. Germany used to have more contacts with Africa and had some assistance. Two of Germany also went to Africa with me to interview this matter." Wang Wenming said
according to the German newspaper SUD Deutschland, 20 German enterprises and banks are planning to build the largest solar power station in North Africa in human history, including Siemens, RWE, Germany's second largest energy supplier, and Deutsche willbank, Germany's largest private bank. The total investment of the project is expected to be as high as 400 billion euros, and power generation is expected to be completed within 10 years
according to experts' estimates, this large-scale solar power station will be the largest clean energy project in human history after its completion, which will meet 15% of the electricity demand in Europe. In fact, the idea of "using African solar energy to generate electricity" has long been produced in German scientific and technological circles, business circles and politics, but it has not been realized for many yearsAccording to Greenpeace's report, similar "solar thermal power plants" will meet one quarter of the global energy demand in 2050. Some experts predict that building a "solar Park" on the Sahara desert with an area equivalent to that of Bavaria in Germany will meet the global energy demand
"the temperature of Sahara is very high, which is suitable for solar power generation, but the development is very difficult, and it is unknown whether it will be completed." Wang Wenming said
however, in addition to this heavyweight project, most countries, including Germany, are considering more about building factories in Africa and promoting their products to Africa
Zhang Lanying is not worried about the advantageous products of developed countries. She said: "Although European and American countries also make solar energy in Africa, it is more feasible for China to enter the African market than European countries, because we have done technical training for African countries for many years and have a better understanding of their development. On the other hand, African countries have a poor economic foundation and a big gap with developed countries. Although the products of developed countries have good technical reliability, the price is also very high. Chinese products are relatively cheap, so you can buy them In terms of strength, Chinese products are more suitable for Africa. Moreover, our products are close to the level of developed countries. "
there are many difficulties in activating the potential market
Wang Wenming said that he once went to Lagos. In the evening, he announced to Dang Lubrizol that the material had excellent resistance to cracking and coloring. Officials walked around and found that it was dark. People had no electricity and water at all at home, so life was difficult. You can only rely on the government to provide some benefits. Buy some to let you know: what are the details of the installation of the tensile testing machine and the requirements for the fixture? Lighting and drinking water equipment to solve the basic living problems of ordinary people
moreover, the proportion of rural population in most African countries exceeds 80%. There are many small communities and villages, which are in urgent need of small power generation systems such as solar photovoltaic. "Mining enterprises also encounter a lot of power outages. Now many mines open at night, and even generate electricity by themselves, which is affected by fear of power outages. For example, Nigeria often opens the gate." Wang Wenming said
although the huge demand in Africa is obvious to all, as Zhang Lanying said, "there is demand, not necessarily a market"
"people can't afford it by themselves, so they want to rely on the government, but Africa itself is very poor, and the government doesn't have much money to focus on the development of solar photovoltaic industry. It's not enough to rely on China's support." Obviously, Zhang Lanying is worried about this project, at least considering it "very difficult"
the attitude of Africa may be seen from the frequent activities of African ambassadors in China in the past two years. Wang Wenming said, "African officials have repeatedly mentioned to us that they want solar energy cooperation, and they also hope that the Chinese government will give some support. Because China has the export import bank, if the government gives support, trade is intergovernmental trade."
although there are many difficulties, Chinese solar photovoltaic enterprises are full of expectations for Africa, a potential market. "Our project manager is still in Huaiyin, Jiangsu Province, and local enterprises want to join the African market." African investment staff are busy for this
Wang Wenming revealed: "in November this year, we will assist national ministries and commissions to carry out the China Africa science and Technology Forum, and in December, hold the China Innovation Products Exhibition in Egypt. Africa welcomes high-tech, environmental protection and energy conservation industries very much. African countries believe that using solar energy is protecting the environment." Obviously, in the eyes of enterprises about to enter the African market, these information are hope