The hottest textiles are the main pollution source

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Textiles are the main source of pollution of upholstered furniture. The new label is expected to be issued within the year.

many consumers only pay attention to whether the style and color match the decoration style of their homes, while ignoring the environmental protection performance. The survey found that recently, the household products of software makers need to use a lot of adhesives and textiles, so the pollutants are more likely to exceed the standard, which will affect human health

environmental protection is easy to be ignored

when buying household products, people tend to pay more attention to the environmental protection of panel furniture and ignore the same problem of software household products. In fact, soft household products are more likely to pollute the living environment because they need a lot of adhesives. On July 7, 2015, Guangdong Administration for Industry and Commerce released the list of defective products found and identified in the second batch of 2015, and 32 mattress products were listed due to formaldehyde emission

recently, I visited some software household goods businesses in large home shopping malls and found that some salespeople exaggerated the publicity of the environmental protection performance of such goods

the salesperson of a well-known mattress brand in Beijing said frankly: "The so-called 'zero formaldehyde' of some brands is impossible to achieve, because the textiles used to make mattresses contain formaldehyde itself, but its emission limit is within the scope of national standards, or far lower than national standards, but saying 'zero formaldehyde' must be exaggerated. In addition, some products use adhesives to adhere to fillers, which must have formaldehyde, which is inevitable." In addition, according to the salesperson, the business will cover the surface of the new mattress with a protective film, which will also produce taste. If the consumer opens the film and places the mattress in a ventilated place to dry for a period of time, it has no smell, which means that the quality of the mattress is OK, otherwise it means that the quality of the mattress is OK

in addition to mattresses, the pollution problem of cloth sofa is also easy to be ignored by consumers. The survey found that when buying sofas, many consumers mainly focus on the style, comfort, color and whether it is reasonable to match with the overall living space, but pay less attention to its environmental protection. A consumer who buys sofas in home shopping malls told: "cloth sofa is to gradually replace flame-retardant ABS with flame-retardant PP to make household socket shell wooden frame with Shanghai cotton pad. There should be no environmental protection problem, mainly to see whether it is solid, comfortable and easy to clean." The consumer said that he was also concerned about whether he was worried about the excessive formaldehyde emission of fabric sofa, but the way to judge was to smell it with his nose to see if it had a pungent smell

textiles are the main source of pollution

according to experts, due to the particularly strong anti-corrosion ability of formaldehyde, in order to make textiles wrinkle proof, shrink proof, flame retardant and other effects, or to make printing and dyeing more lasting, businesses generally add formaldehyde when producing textiles. In the field of home decoration, soft decorative materials include curtains, bedspreads, pillowcases, sofa fabrics, etc., which are made of textiles, so they are the hardest hit areas of formaldehyde pollution

in addition, mattresses, sofas and other products may also cause a number of pollution exceeding the standard due to the material. For example, the structure of sofa is divided into fabric, foam and frame. According to Sun Shudong, assistant director of the national furniture and indoor environmental quality supervision and inspection center, fabrics belong to textiles, which may contain formaldehyde, biodegradable aromatic amine dyes and other pollutants; Foam needs glue to bond, so it will contain formaldehyde more or less. In addition, unqualified foam will contain volatile substances such as formaldehyde, benzene and TVOC; The frame of cloth sofa is generally made of artificial board, so it may contain volatile substances such as formaldehyde and benzene. It can be seen that the environmental protection performance of software household products is not superior

the new standard is expected to be issued within this year

it is understood that at present, there is no special standard in China to limit the harmful substances in soft household products. The current standard "limit of harmful substances in indoor decoration materials and wood furniture" does not explain the harmful substances contained in soft household products

curtains, wall cloths, bedsheets, quilt covers, bedding and other products belong to textiles, and the national basic safety technical specifications for textile products (GB) should be implemented; The standard is the most basic requirement to ensure that textile products are harmless to human health and compared with the same force value point on the dial of the tensile testing machine and the standard tensile sample. It is a standard for textile enterprises, not furniture enterprises. In this standard, textiles are divided into the following three categories: Category A is baby products; Class B refers to products that directly contact the skin, such as bed sheets, quilt covers, towels, etc; Class C refers to products that do not directly contact the skin, such as curtains, bedspreads, wall cloths, etc

according to Sun Shudong, at present, only spring soft mattresses have national standards, which limit the content of formaldehyde. Although the industry said that the production and testing of brown mattresses can refer to relevant standards, it did not indicate which standard it was, so it is easy to cause confusion in the implementation. In addition, the above standards only have requirements for the odor of sofa products, but the evaluation method is only based on smell, so its control of product pollutants has no practical significance

in fact, as early as around 2011, the National Technical Committee for furniture standardization put forward four new standards for soft household products, including the limit of harmful substances in soft household products mattresses and the limit of harmful substances in soft household products sofas. However, these standards have been used for four years since they were put forward, but they have not been issued yet

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