The 13th five year plan for the revitalization of

  • Detail

The 13th five year plan for the revitalization of Northeast China: support the mixed reform of state-owned enterprises in Northeast China to try first

the 13th five year plan for the revitalization of Northeast China: support the mixed reform of state-owned enterprises in Northeast China to try first

www.630 simple twists and turns should be carried out before any experiment. China Construction machinery information

there are new actions in the reform of state-owned enterprises in Northeast China

according to the 13th five year plan for revitalization of Northeast China (hereinafter referred to as the current plan) issued by the national development and Reform Commission on December 19, Northeast China will flexibly introduce strategic investors and promote enterprise restructuring and listing to promote mixed ownership reform according to the characteristics of different types of state-owned enterprises

the 13th five year plan for the revitalization of Northeast China was released

whether it is the establishment of a new order of diagnosis and treatment proposed by the "new medical reform", or the national health and health conference proposed in August this year to shift from "treatment" to "health" as the center, it is necessary to first improve the service capacity of grass-roots medical and health institutions (hereinafter referred to as grass-roots medical institutions), and do a good job in disease screening, prevention and diagnosis and treatment of common diseases

as for "how to integrate health into all policies", Shaanxi took the lead in handing over the answer sheet and attracted the attention of the national health and Family Planning Commission

the plan requires that local enterprises and private capital be encouraged to actively participate in the reform of the property rights system of central enterprises and their subsidiaries in the northeast region, allow private enterprises to enter areas that are not clearly restricted and prohibited, and promote private enterprises to participate in infrastructure such as railway, highway and aviation. Through cooperation with Masdar, there will be many opportunities for further research, construction and operation

at the same time, Northeast China will expand nuclear power, aerospace, rail transit and other high-end equipment manufacturing industries, develop new energy vehicles, robots (21.990, 0.09, 0.41%), ice and snow, spa and other industries

as we all know, the northeast economy is closely related to local state-owned enterprises. Yi Baozhong, head of the Comprehensive Research Institute of the Northeast Asia Research Institute of Jilin University, pointed out that in order to adopt an open attitude in the reform of state-owned enterprises in Northeast China, all funds must be open, including private capital and all aspects of investment. "The 13th five year plan lists the reform of state-owned enterprises as an important content, which is the right prescription." Yi Baozhong said

the reform direction of state-owned enterprises in Northeast China is clear

according to the above plan, Northeast China should adhere to improving the system and mechanism as the fundamental strategy for the revitalization of the old industrial base in Northeast China

accordingly, we should reorganize and integrate a number of state-owned enterprises in key infrastructure such as transportation, energy, equipment manufacturing and traditional manufacturing industries. We should scientifically and reasonably define the functions of state-owned enterprises, classify state-owned enterprises, and implement classified reform, classified development, classified supervision, classified responsibility determination, and classified assessment. We will actively and steadily develop the mixed ownership economy

according to the characteristics of different types of state-owned enterprises, we should flexibly introduce strategic investors, promote enterprise restructuring and listing, allow employee stock ownership, and attract equity investment funds to promote the reform of mixed ownership. We will support state-owned enterprises in the northeast to carry out the pilot reform of mixed ownership first

encourage local state-owned enterprises to actively introduce all kinds of investors to form a diversified ownership structure, standardized shareholder behavior, effective internal constraints, and efficient and flexible operation mechanism. Establish equity and dividend incentive mechanisms for state-owned scientific and technological enterprises, and implement relevant policies for rewarding independent innovation and transformation of scientific and technological achievements of state-owned enterprises and institutions

Xiang Tao, an associate professor at the school of Business Administration of Northeastern University, believes that the key is how to enable private enterprises to participate in the reform of state-owned enterprises, which can be entered by third-party institutions, and employees can also participate

"employees have a better understanding of the situation of the enterprise, and participating in the reform can mobilize the enthusiasm of employees." Xiang Tao said

it is understood that there are a large number of central and local state-owned enterprises in Northeast China, and some enterprises account for a considerable proportion of the local economy, resulting in excessive dependence on the local economy; Or the administrative level of some state-owned enterprise leaders is even higher than that of local cities, which makes the diversified economic development strategy implemented by some cities difficult to coordinate

many state-owned enterprises are still "running society" (establishing and setting up some institutions and facilities that are not directly related to the production and operation of enterprises as employee welfare), such as television stations, cinemas, even universities and kindergartens, which makes enterprises overburdened and difficult to compete in the market

therefore, this plan proposes to comprehensively launch and further promote the reform of factory run collectives. We should increase the support of the central government, allow state-owned enterprises to set aside part of the proceeds of equity transfer, and local governments to transfer part of the equity of state-owned enterprises, and specifically solve the historical problems of running large collectives by factories and separating the social functions of enterprises. Encourage factory run large collective enterprises to restructure into independent legal entities with clear property rights, market-oriented and responsible for their own profits and losses through joint ventures, cooperation, sales and other means

develop high-end manufacturing and new industries

the plan puts forward requirements for the industrial trend of Northeast China. For example, in the field of manufacturing, we should actively develop high-end equipment manufacturing. Such as nuclear power, aerospace, rail transit, intelligent manufacturing and other industries

in the field of emerging industries, we should support the development and growth of emerging industries in the fields of new generation information technology, new energy vehicles, high-end equipment and materials, digital creativity, green low-carbon and ecological environmental protection. In addition, we should cultivate and develop strategic industries such as aerospace, ocean, information network, life science and nuclear technology

in the field of service industry, we should actively develop the sports industry and vigorously develop the ice and snow industry. We should encourage the development of health preservation industries such as Spa recuperation, fitness and health care, and traditional Chinese medicine physiotherapy

xufengxian, a regional expert from the Institute of economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the northeast still needs to accelerate the pace of opening up, improve transportation conditions, and develop new industries on the basis of the original energy. The development of new industries still depends on private enterprises

"Northeast China is rich in various resources. After optimizing the industrial structure, the economy can quickly become active, and it is more convenient to convert various resources into money." He said

it is understood that many high-quality resources in Northeast China can reflect great market value as long as they are reasonably transformed. For example, high-quality rice in Northeast China is currently very competitive in the market, and Heilongjiang has also made great breakthroughs in the development of migratory bird pension industry

Xiang Tao, associate professor of Business School of Northeastern University, believes that what the government can do is to improve the environment. How to develop specific emerging industries and high value-added industries depends on the market. How to reduce the excessive intervention of the government is a very important topic

it is worth noting that the plan has no requirements for the GDP growth rate during the 13th Five Year Plan period in Northeast China, but for labor productivity, it is proposed to achieve an average annual growth of 6.2%. In addition, the proportion of R & D investment in GDP will rise from 1.3% in 2015 to 2.1% in 2020, and the number of invention patents per 10000 people will rise from 3.6 to 6.9

Yi Baozhong believes that the state has put forward the requirements for scientific and technological investment for Northeast China, which shows that the development of Northeast China still depends on innovation and takes the path of technology intensive and capital intensive

"if Northeast China wants to develop new industries, it must first carry out innovation, because the scientific and technological strength of Northeast China is still possible, the quality of labor force is relatively high, and there are certain advantages. It is necessary to mobilize all kinds of favorable factors, and the government should actively guide." Yi Baozhong said

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI